Predicting Chemical Hazards
We know exposure to toxic chemicals can play an important role in the development of breast cancer. We also know women are exposed to many harmful chemicals including chemical mixtures in their daily lives through consumer products, drinking water, industrial chemicals, and pesticides.
Hight throughput screening approaches—traditionally used in drug discovery—have emerged as an important tool in toxicology for rapidly testing large numbers of chemicals for their potential to cause harm. Silent Spring scientists are working to expand the power of these tools to identify chemicals that might increase breast cancer risk, as well as impact breast feeding and timing of puberty.
There are different ways chemicals can trigger or hasten the development of breast tumors. Chemicals can damage DNA, cause cells to make more estrogen or progesterone, or alter genes involved in breast development. Identifying the changes that take place in cells when exposed to a breast carcinogen can help regulatory agencies and manufacturers know what to look for when testing chemicals for safety, ultimately to keep breast carcinogens from being used in products or released into the environment in the first place.
Thinking more upstream, Silent Spring is also developing new computational approaches using artificial intelligence to predict the toxicity of chemicals and chemical mixtures based on their molecular structures. This would allow scientists to quickly scan thousands of chemicals and flag those with the same structural features as chemicals we know are linked with breast cancer. For instance, there are chemicals called endocrine disruptors (EDCs) that can increase levels of estrogen and progesterone and affect the breast. By analyzing the molecular structures of EDCs, we can see the features they have in common and use them in order to identify other potential EDCs, ultimately helping scientists prioritize chemicals for further testing.
News & Updates
Scientists call on regulators to update their methods for screening chemicals that could harm the breast.
List includes potential carcinogens that act by stimulating production of hormones that fuel breast tumors
Estrogen-mimicking chemicals called parabens, which are commonly found in an array of personal care products, may be more dangerous at lower doses than previously thought, according to a new study.
Silent Spring Institute has embarked on a new research effort to develop high throughput screening tools for identifying chemicals most likely to increase breast cancer risk.